Culture

Greenbrier

By Rudy Mancke

NatureNotes

The thick, knotty, underground "stems" (rhizomes) of Greenbrier (Smilax) are tough. The vine is hard to elimnate, once it is established.

Pastor Nannie Jefferies

By Linda O'Bryon

Nannie Jefferies

Pastor, Maranatha Free Church of Jesus Christ
Founder, Exec. Director, Angels Change Ministry

Bladderwort

By Rudy Mancke

This carnivorous water plant traps tiny invertebrates with the bladders on its submerged leaves.

RECONSTRUCTION 360 | The Role of the Freedmen’s Bureau

By Betsy Newman

Freedmen’s Bureau

The Freedmen’s Bureau had responsibility for every aspect of the lives of formerly enslaved people, and was in charge of land that came under federal control during and after the Civil War. In 1872, Congress shut the Freedmen’s Bureau down, but today Freedmen's Bureau records are a vital resource for anyone seeking information about African-American history in the post-Civil War and Reconstruction eras.

Elaine Freeman

By Linda O'Bryon

Elaine Freeman

Founder, ETV Endowment
Executive Producer, South Carolinians in WW II

RECONSTRUCTION 360 | The Importance Of Land To Freedpeople

By Betsy Newman

White landowner on horse

After the war, the South, and the nation, faced the question of how to make the transition from slave to free labor. Most former slave owners insisted that they should get their land back and maintain control over their workers, even if they had to use force. Freedpeople were determined to be their own masters, never to be treated as slaves again.

Hope Blackley

By Linda O'Bryon

Hope Blackley

District Director, Office of U.S. Representative William Timmons (SC-04)
Former Spartanburg County Clerk of Court

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