Eutaw Springs, Battle of
“E” is for Eutaw Springs, Battle of [September 8 1781]. The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major engagement in South Carolina during the Revolutionary War. In the bloody encounter, some two thousand Continental and militia soldiers commanded by General Nathanael Greene clashed with 2,300 British Regulars and Loyalists under Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Stewart. Although Greene was forced to leave the field, the British were equally mauled and retreated to Charleston, abandoning the upcountry. Losses on both sides were high: the British admitted 683 killed, wounded and missing; and the Americans reported 517. Among the American unit commanders were many notable patriots including Francis Marion, William Washington, Henry Lee, Andrew Pickens, and Wade Hampton. The site of the Battle of Eutaw Springs is located in Orangeburg County near Eutawville, and a portion of the battlefield is a state historic site.