March 18 is South Carolina Day!
03/10/2017 in: Education
By B. Jamison
Our state celebrates John C. Calhoun’s birthday March 18 each year by observing South Carolina Day, a day required by law in which schools shall “conduct such exercises as will conduce to a more general knowledge and appreciation of the history, resources and possibilities of this State.” S.C. educators have many rich resources about our state “at your fingertips” in ETV’s Knowitall and StreamlineSC!
Knowitall also offers some great field trips for South Carolina Day on March 18! These include the Explore South Carolina Collection—topics include Agriculture, Art & Artists, Business, Economic Development, Education, Food & Drinks, Habitats, History, Industry, Music, Places to Visit in S.C. , S.C. State Symbols, Sports, Technology, and Towns & Cities. There’s also a field trip to Historic Brattonsville, and there’s an entire Collection of Virtual Field Trips & Tours! They’re all right at your fingertips! Enjoy your travels!
Also, check out these ETV locally-produced programs that are accessible in StreamlineSC. Because these programs were produced by ETV, they are available with unlimited rights so SC educators may download or copy and keep for educational use. These programs may also be accessed in Knowitall.org and some have been divided into short segments so check them out!
Project Discovery Revisited
We visit interesting and historic places around our state in these special programs with student hosts.
South Carolina State House (Grades 3-12) 3 lessons, @30–57 min. each
Learn about the history of our state house and get a tour of the inside and grounds in these programs.
Circle of Inheritance (Grades 3-12) 4 lessons, @15 min. each
This series focuses on the history of pre-colonial and colonial South Carolina.
Charleston Forts (Grades 3-8) @57 min.
Produced for Project Discovery, this special program features famous forts of the Charleston area:
Fort Moultrie, Fort Johnson and Fort Sumter.
Chasing the Swampfox (Grades 8-12) @57 min. (Also listed as Carolina Stories: Chasing the Swampfox)
This program highlights Francis Marion’s partisan campaigns during the American Revolution in SC. (This program is also available divided into 3 segments.)
Carolina Stories: Forgotten Founder - The Story of Charles Pinckney (Grades 3-12) @57 min.
This special tells the story of one of South Carolina’s statesmen.
Conversations on SC History with Dr. Walter Edgar (Grades 8-12) 22 lessons, @ 20 min. each
In this series, noted SC historian Dr. Walter Edgar discusses key issues in SC history.
The Palmetto Heritage programs, designed for middle and high school students, have been created using the dramatizations produced as part of The Palmetto Special series. Events, people and places that shaped our state’s history are shared through updated introduction segments with two young-adult hosts interwoven with re-purposed dramatizations that tell many of South Carolina’s important stories.
John C. Calhoun (@12 min.)
It is the summer of 1829 and Vice-President Calhoun is spending the Congressional recess at his home near Pendleton, South Carolina. His youngest daughter Cornelia is helping her father with his correspondence. Calhoun writes to a colleague, Robert Y. Hayne in the Senate from South Carolina, expressing concern over the deteriorating relations between himself and President Jackson. Calhoun discusses his theory of nullification with his son Andrew, who is off to Yale, his father's alma mater, in the fall. Calhoun then goes to Washington for the Jefferson Day Dinner in April of 1830 where toasts from the President and Vice-President bring their seething rift out into the open.
Battle of Kings Mountain (@13 min.)
Lord Cornwallis has ordered Major Patrick Ferguson, a Scotsman, to form the Loyalists into a strong royal militia. In late September 1780, Ferguson took up post near present-day Rutherfordton, NC, and from there he dispatched a paroled Whig prisoner to Colonel Isaac to inform the Patriots that "if they did not desist from their opposition to the British arms, he would march his army over the mountains, hang their leaders, and lay their country waste with fire and sword." In response, on September 25, 1780, the Patriot "overmountain men" began to gather and started an arduous march of nearly 200 miles, picking up recruits along the way and arriving at Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780. The encamped Loyalists were taken by surprise. Patrick Ferguson, the only British soldier in the battle, was killed and buried on Kings Mountain.
Burning of Columbia (@13 min.)
This reenactment is based on excerpts from Emma LeConte’s diary. Emma, then 17 years old, kept a diary for several months in 1865 chronicling the approach, occupation and burning of the city of Columbia by General Sherman's troops. On February 16, Sherman issued an order giving instructions for the occupation of Columbia. The Confederate forces in South Carolina were no match for Sherman's troops and upon his approach Columbia's Mayor Goodwyn surrendered the city. Panic and confusion, however, reigned. By the morning hours of February 17 much of the city was in flames, accompanied by a riot that had built steadily so that most control was lost over the city. By February 18,1865 over one third of the city lay in black, burnt ruins.
It is 1858 in South Carolina. William Taylor's cousin Allen is visiting from Connecticut. Secession "fever" is rapidly engulfing the state. The scene shifts to West Point where the cousins have been accepted as cadets. William finds the "politics of the day" there to be "slavery and sectionalism." Politics continue to be the topic of the summer of 1860, and the story is again picked up when Allen and William attend a reception where a number of prominent SC politicos are gathered discussing how secession should occur. Returning to West Point in the fall of 1860, Allen realizes the situation in SC is moving toward secession and knows that he will soon be forced to make a decision concerning his position at West Point. Back in South Carolina in December 1860 for a short Christmas break, Allen finds the Secession convention in session at the First Baptist Church in Columbia. He then accompanies his father, who is a delegate, to the railroad station when the convention adjourns to Charleston. When the Ordinance of Secession is formally adopted in Charleston on December 20, 1860, Allen makes his decision.
Charlesfort (@18 min.)
In 1562, Jacques and Rouffi have sailed to the new world on an expedition to establish a colony for French Protestants (Huguenots). The Huguenot colony was settled on what is present-day Port Royal in Beaufort County. They named it Charlesfort after Charles IX of France. After a short while, the leader of the expedition, Captain Jean Ribaut returns to France to obtain more provisions, leaving about 28 Huguenots at Charlesfort. Discontent soon arises and Captain Barre assumes command. Barre decides to return to France in a small homemade boat. Rouffi chooses to remain at Port Royal. After a short time, the settlement ends in failure.
Denmark Vesey (@19 min.)
The program begins with Vesey discussing the condition of slavery with an acquaintance who is a slave. Later, at a meeting, details of a plot are worked out with co-conspirators. Some are concerned and dismayed that the plot calls for the annihilation of the white population. At a chance meeting between two slaves, William, who is also a co-conspirator, informs Devany of the plot and asks him to participate. Devany is reticent and asks his friend Pensel, a free Negro, for advice. Pensel advises him to steer clear of the conspiracy and inform his master about what he knows. Devany does so and in turn the authorities are informed. The conspiracy begins to fall apart and the rebellion was squelched. But, arrests and trials result in Vesey and 35 others being hanged. The impact of the plot was that a fear of slave uprisings engulfed the people of Charleston. This had an effect on lives for years to come. In addition, it gave encouragement to future uprisings elsewhere.
Charleston Tea Party (@12 min.)
Following the Tea Act of 1773 many colonial citizens refused to pay the duty and boycotted British tea. This video portrays actions taken by some citizens of Charleston in November and December, 1774, when a British ship The Britannia arrived with seven cases of dutied tea aboard to be delivered to local consignees. Most of the research for this program was primary in nature coming from accounts of the incident in the South Carolina Gazette, November and December, 1774. The major characters in the program are based or the actual people involved.
Brooks-Sumner Affair (@11 min.)
In 1857 during the heated debate on Kansas in the Senate, Charles Sumner delivered a two-day speech entitled "The Crime Against Kansas," which contained an insulting denunciation of Senator Andrew Butler of South Carolina. Two days later, Senator Butler's nephew Representative Preston Brooks avenged his uncle and the South by bludgeoning Sumner with a cane. Representative Edmunds (D Va) cautions Preston Brooks to remain calm about the matter, but Preston enters the Senate Chamber and attacks Sumner.
Cherokees (@21 min.)
The story of the Cherokees is told through scenes from "Unto These Hills" the outdoor drama in Cherokee, North Carolina, which depicts the story of the Cherokees. The video centers around an Indian named Tsali. Tsali's wife was murdered by a soldier who Tsali subsequently kills. He then flees to a hiding place in the mountains with his sons. The commander of the army makes a deal. If Tsali will give himself up then the others who had fled to hiding places in the mountains could go free. Emphasis is on the removal of the Cherokees to Oklahoma between 1817 and the 1840's in the infamous "Trail of Tears."
Legend of Isaqueena (@16 min.)
The Legend of Isaqueena blends fact with fantasy. An Indian trade based out of Ninety Six in the early 1750's grew to become the largest business outside of Charleston. Alan assisted with the business. In this story, on one of Alan’s trips to Keowee, he falls in love with Isaqueena, the daughter of one of the tribe Chieftons. Relations between the colonist and Indians were deteriorating with the onset of the French-Indian War. Isaqueena found out that the Cherokees planned to attack Ninety Six so she rode to warn Alan. As a result, most of the people at Ninety Six fled, surviving the attack. Isaqueena became an outlaw from her tribe because of the betrayal. Then one day while Alan was away, a "hit squad" was sent to kill her. She fled, leaping over a waterfall. Her pursuers, thinking she was dead, departed. Isaqueena, however, had landed safely on a ledge below. Isaqueena Falls is located near Stumphouse Tunnel and can be easily visited today.
These stories were adapted with permission and input from author Idella Bodie. They are dramatizations of the stories from her book South Carolina Women. Recommended to support social studies standards for South Carolina history for elementary and middle grade students, the programs are also good for use during Women’s History Month with students in grades 3–12. Each dramatization tells the story of women who have shaped SC history and politics and have been produced at historical sites and homes.
Program One – Grace and Rachel Martin (@25 min.)
This is the story of two sisters-in-law living alone in the South Carolina back country who waylaid a British Courier with valuable papers by dressing up as colonial men. They risked their lives to stop the flow of information. It takes place in the cabin considered to be the oldest frontier house still standing in SC.
Program Two – Emily Geiger (@22 min.)
Emily is a young girl who risked her life by serving as a messenger for the Colonial army during the Revolutionary War. Captured by the British and interrogated as a spy, she managed to trick Lord Rawdon into believing she was innocent, outwitting her captors in a most unique manner. Taped in part at the actual location where the interrogation took place.
Program Three – Mary Chesnut (@31 min.)
Mary kept a diary during the turbulent times of the Civil War. This drama portrays various events in the life of the South Carolina heroine prior to and during the Civil War. The events dramatized are actual happenings that occurred to Mary and most of the words come straight from her diary. Mary actually spent time at Kensington Plantation, the location of the drama.
Program Four – The Grimké Sisters (@34 min.)
Sarah Moore Grimké (1792–1873) and Angelina Emily Grimké (1805–1879), followed a similar path, speaking out about what they believed and leaving their home to join the fight for the causes of the abolition of slavery and equal rights for women. These two sisters helped lead the way to change the course of history. From a young age they both stood up for what they believed were the wrongs of society. They spoke out against slavery, finding the courage to fight for their right to have a voice.
Program Five – Wil Lou Gray (@39 min.)
This program tells the story of Dr. Wil Lou Gray who began the South Carolina Opportunity School, following her from the time that she was a young girl struggling with the loss of her dear mother through Dr. Gray’s valiant efforts to get the Legislature to fund schooling for illiterate adults and children. Through reenactment of scenes in her life and interviews taped with Dr. Gray by ETV in the 1980’s, we hear in her own words her passion to help others to learn while we learn about what life was like during the early 1900’s for many South Carolinians.
Program Six – Mary McLeod Bethune (@40 min.)
This is the story of one woman’s struggle to gain equality for herself and her students. The drama begins with Mary as a young child growing up in rural SC and concludes with her hard work to start a school for African American students in Florida. The drama shows the struggle she encountered just to be given the chance to learn to read and then to teach; how she started with nothing and ended up being an advisor to a President!
Program Seven – Modjeska Simkins (@41 min.)
This is the story of an African American girl born to a half-white, half-black brick mason. She came from relative wealth, married into wealth, dedicating her life to helping disadvantaged to be treated equally. She was one of the organizers of the Supreme Court Case Briggs Vs. Elliott, which was the first filed of the four cases that later became combined Brown vs. Board of Education.
Program Eight – Mary Gordon Ellis (@32 min.)
Mary Gordon Ellis was the first female to be elected to the South Carolina Legislature. This drama depicts her life from the challenges of being the school superintendent of Jasper County Schools where she addressed equality, making bold changes to impact education, to her time in office as an elected official until her untimely death.
Program Nine – Dorcas Richardson (@50 min.)
The movie The Patriot was based loosely on Francis Marion fighting Colonel Banastre Tarleton in South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War. The Dorcas Richardson program tells the true story about one of Francis Marion’s men, Richard Richardson, his wife Dorcas and their “battle” with Colonel Tarleton. Captain Richardson served under Francis Marion, better known as the Swamp Fox. This story taped at Historic Camden depicts the courage and steadfast love of Dorcas for her family and her newly-formed nation. (Preview before use.)
Program Ten – Dr. Anne Austin Young (@45 min.)
Dr. Anne Austin Young fought the norm that women could not be at the top of their college class nor become a medical doctor. Anne was one of the first female doctors in our state to practice medicine. This story covers her humble beginnings to later in life being inducted into the SC Hall of Fame. Taped on location throughout the state, the drama inspires young people to achieve, despite any odds or prejudice, to follow their dream.
Program Eleven (two parts) – Dicey Langston (Part 1 - @43 min., Part 2 - @29 min.)
The year is 1781. British officer bloody Bill Cunningham is plotting to attack in South Carolina’s backcountry. Dicey Langston was 14 years old when she became a spy for the American Patriots, putting herself into harm’s way and endangering her father. Through this story, students can journey back to a period where South Carolinians fought their own brothers and find out how this young woman was a courageous heroine. So renowned are the deeds of Dicey Langston that both a charter school and a DAR chapter are named after her.
These two Project Discovery programs originated from Lemmon Hill Plantation in Fairfield County, a private home restored by Chuck and Dawn Corley. Produced for upper elementary through middle school students, these programs take students to the restored 1790’s home near Winnsboro to explore a historic home that is an example of the refined living that was rather unique to what was the back country at that time as we look at why settlers living in our coastal areas made their way inland to build working plantations in the piedmont region of our state.
Part 1 (@27 min.) - Students get to explore inside the home to see remnants of indigo paint, view a unique bedroom ceiling specially decorated by a young girl and learn how people lived during this period of our history when western Fairfield county was a bastion of extreme wealth with cotton and indigo grown abundantly in the fertile fields and beautiful, blue granite mined in nearby quarries.
Part 2 (@27 min.) - Students learn more about the area’s history and contributions of the African Americans who helped build South Carolina plantations and allow them to prosper.